Traditional uses and benefits of African mango

Traditional uses and benefits of African mango (Irvingia gabonensis).

Its bark is a purgative for treating gastrointestinal and liver conditions, sterility, hernias, and urethral discharge.
It is also an aphrodisiac and used in the treatment of diarrhea and dysentery, body pains, toothache, sores, and wounds.
It is considered by some to be a powerful aphrodisiac and to be beneficial in cases of senility.

It is used in an enema, or added to a baked banana in order to relieve diarrhea and dysentery.
When applied externally, it is ground up with water for rubbing on to the body for easing pains.
It is used in mouth-washes for relieving toothache, made into a poultice and applied to sores and wounds.

Bark is mixed with palm oil for treating diarrhea and for reducing the breast-feeding period.
Shavings of the stem bark are consumed by mouth to treat hernias, yellow fever, and dysentery, and to reduce the effects of poison in French Equatorial Africa.

Antibiotic properties of the bark help heal scabby skin, and the boiled bark relieves tooth pain.
The Mende tribe in Sierra Leone grinds the bark into a paste with water and applies the product to the skin for pain relief.
Powdered kernels act as an astringent and are also applied to burns.

Stems of the tree have been used as chewing sticks to help clean teeth.
Preparations made from the bark are used to treat hernia and yellow fever and as an antidote for poisoning in Cameroon.

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Kernels are used to treat diabetes.

It is used for countering the ailments relating to ear like tympanic lining infections.

It is a good herbal cure for Obesity.

It helps in reducing our food intake, burning body fat which leads to the loss in body weight in a reasonable fashion.
African Mango is effective in countering Obesity; it habitually regulates the body Metabolism.

Maintained rate of Metabolism is directly proportional to low-level of Cholesterol in the body.
It is effectual in controlling diabetes by managing body blood sugar level.
It is beneficial in combating jaundice, which has an adverse effect on the entire human body but majorly on liver, kidneys and heart.

It is beneficial in promoting proper gastrointestinal action, which helps in improving digestion and avoiding acidity.
It is a good herbal treatment possessing painkilling and antimicrobial characteristics, which help in treating sores and preventing infections in wounds.

African Mango is fruitful in counteracting hernias, which leads to dislocation of the organs from its actual position.
It bears constipating properties, which is favorable in ceasing ailments like loose motions i.e. dysentery and diarrhea.
Leaves are boiled in water and taken as a tea for the treatment of intestinal worm infestation in humans in rural areas in eastern Nigeria.

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B of the tree consists of important antioxidant and anti-inflammatory ingredients which could be of use in treating various neurodegenerative diseases.
Leaves of the tree are combined with the stem bark of other plants and boiled in water and taken as a tea to treat spleen infections.

Culinary uses

Edible seeds are used in soups and as a food flavoring.
Seed is also used for the preparation of odika, also known as dika bread or Gabon chocolate.
Fruits are yellow and fibrous, with palatable pulp that can be used for fruit drinks and jams.

The fruit pulp is palatable and can be used for a fruit drink and for jam production.
Seeds can be ground or crushed and used as a thickening and flavoring agent in soups and stews.
They can also be made into a cake called “dika bread” for preservation.
Edible oil is extracted from the seed is used in cooking.

Other Facts

Pulp is also used to prepare a black dye for cloth.
In some areas, the tree is planted to provide shade for crops.
Wood is tough, very heavy, very hard, durable, and resistant to termite attack.
Tree is normally preserved on farms when woodland is cleared in order to provide shade for crops, particularly cocoa and coffee.
Wax has been extracted from the plant which has been found useful as an assistant in making medicinal tablets.

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Both the bark and the roots contain tannins.
Fruit pulp is used to prepare a black dye for cloth.

Fat extracted from the seed is suitable for soap-making and other industrial uses.
Sap-wood is light brown, the heart-wood a slightly darker or greenish-brown.

It has a fine moderately close grain and a good polished finish can be achieved.
It is not easy to cut, which limits its usefulness for native people who often only have simple implements.

It is used for street paving.

Canoes can be made from the trunk, and pestles for yam-mortars.
Pulp is used for making jam, jelly, and juice and is consumed as a dessert throughout western and central Africa.
The leaves are used as food for livestock by farmers.

The wood is used for making walking sticks and supports for thatched roofs.
Young trees are used for making poles and stakes, while branches are made into walking sticks or thatched roof supports.
Dead branches are used as firewood.
Twelve year-old trees in Nigeria have yielded 1060 fruits (180 kilos) per tree.