Symptoms and Treatment of Typhoid Fever

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Symptoms and Treatment of Typhoid Fever.

 

Typhoid fever is a serious bacterial infection that spread via contaminated food or water. Typhoid is also called Enteric fever. The disease can cause high fever, vomiting, and diarrhea. Your symptoms show up one to two weeks after exposure. Your symptoms can be mild to severe. Enteric Fever can be fatal and is caused by the salmonella virus. Typhoid is a very common disease in India.

Symptoms

The two main symptoms of typhoid are fever and rash. Typhoid fever is characterized by a high fever of 104 C (39 to 40 C). If left untreated the symptoms can worsen and get life-threatening.

The symptoms of typhoid are:-

  • High temperature
  • Rash
  • Headache
  • Pain throughout the body
  • Cough
  • Poor appetite
  • Fatigue
  • Constipation or diarrhea

If left untreated typhoid can lead to a perforated bowel. Please book a doctor in Kanpur if you have any symptoms of typhoid fever.

Causes

Typhoid or enteric fever is caused by a bacterial infection. Typhoid is caused by Salmonella typhi (S. Typhi) bacteria. People with typhoid carry the bacteria in their gut or bloodstream.

The salmonella bacteria will be in stool and in some cases urine of an infected person. If they do not wash their hand thoroughly after visiting the toilet, they can contaminate the food or water they handle. Anyone who consumes contaminated food can get infected. A person who has recovered can continue to be a carrier of the disease.

If fruits and vegetables are washed with contaminated water you are likely to get infected. Poor hygiene standards and water contaminated by sewage water may cause typhoid. Typhoid was very common in India but there has been a steady decline for the last 15 years.

Diagnosis

The best doctors in Kanpur will ask for complete medical history. They will conduct a thorough physical examination. Typhoid is confirmed by blood tests, urine tests, and stool samples. Microscopic examination will examine the presence of Salmonella typhi bacteria. If you have a confirmed diagnosis the doctor near me may ask your family to be tested.

Treatment

The best doctor in Kanpur will prescribe antibiotics to treat typhoid. It is important to follow instructions and complete the entire course of antibiotics. Antibiotic-resistant bacteria have become a serious problem in recent years, newer antibiotic medication is being introduced every day.

It is important to drink plenty of fluid to avoid dehydration due to diarrhea and fever. In rare cases, you may need surgery if your intestine has perforated.

Once the course of antibiotics is over the doctor will take the samples again to make sure you have completed recovered.

Prevention

Typhoid can be prevented by maintaining proper sanitation in your household. Washing your hands after visiting the toilet is important. Boiling drinking water before consuming is important. Eating uncooked food that has not been washed properly is not safe. The WHO has three vaccines for typhoid are:-

  • Injectable typhoid conjugate vaccine (TCV) suitable for children from 6 months to adults (till 45).
  • Injectable unconjugated polysaccharide vaccine for anyone over 2 years
  • Oral attenuated Ty21a vaccine can be taken by anyone over 6.

TCV vaccine is the preferred vaccination program because it can be used on infants and offers longer protection